Is Wicca a solar based system?

What is Wicca

Wicca (pronounced /ˈwɪkə/), is a modern pagan religion. Developed in England in the first half of the 20th century,[1] Wicca was popularised in the 1950s and early 1960s by a retired British civil servant named Gerald Gardner, who at the time called it the "witch cult" and "witchcraft", and its adherents "the Wica".[2] From the 1960s onward, the name of the religion was normalised to "Wicca".[3]

Deities of Wicca

Wicca teaches about many deities, but they are two main antagonists, male horned god Karnayna and female goddess Aradia.

Other names for Aradia are Great Mother and Diana. Some parts of Wiccan religion speaks about Aradia and Diana as being two separate beings, Aradia being first witch ever and Diana being female goddess but some ritual calls Aradia as Diana and we can also see some similarity in their names: Ara|Dia|na.

Karnayna is associated with Sun and Aradia is associated with Moon. From that we can see male and female aspects of Sun and Moon same as in hermetic tradition, from which a practical part of Wicca is derived.

Aradia as a Great Mother is more popular amongst Wiccans which evokes an idea that Wicca’s Magick system will be a Moon oriented system, but opposite seems to be true.

Wiccan sabbats

Samhain Hallowe'en15° Scorpio   Oct 31Pagan New Year, Honouring the Dead, Cleansing and releasing
Yule ChristmasWinter Solstice~ Dec 21Rebirth, Life triumphs over death
BridgidImbolcCandlemas15° Aquarius   Feb 2Purification, Initiation, Dedication
EostaraLady DayEasterSpring Equinox~ Mar 21Conception, Regeneration, New Beginnings
BeltaneMay DayMay Day15° Taurus   May 1Passion that fuels Life, Joy, Fertility
LithaMidsummer Summer Solstice~ Jun 21Transition, Planning
LammasLughnasadhFirst Harvest15° Leo   Aug 1Gratitude, Abundance, Fruition
Mabon Thanksgiving (Second Harvest)Autumn Equinox~ Sep 21Giving thanks, Reflection

Table taken from

From the table above we can notice one interesting thing. These sabbats have fixed dates. People a bit interested in Astronomy know that Moon’s cycle takes 28 days so its position is not fixed to our calendar system, which means that Sabbats cannot be based on Moon’s cycle.
In Astrology we calculate influences of 7 main planetary objects named:
  • Sun
  • Moon
  • Mars
  • Mercury
  • Jupiter
  • Venus
  • Saturn

These seven planets influence outcome of any Magick spell, charm, ritual. Astro Magicians know their influences and they also know that in case of emergency only Sun and Moon can be taken into consideration. They are still visible so there is no need for ephemeris table that would help us to calculate spell’s horoscope.

From the list above you can notice another interesting thing. There is only one planet in the list that has same effects for certain dates every year. That planet is The Sun, which leads to the conclusion that Wicca is mostly a solar based system.


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